Basal cell carcinoma is one type of skin cancer. This condition starts in your basal cells which is a kind of cell inside your skin organ which makes new skin cells to replace the old ones.
Frequently, basal cell carcinoma appears like a waxy bump, even if it can also take up other forms. Most of the time, this kind of condition occurs on areas of your skin which are repeatedly exposed to UV rays such as the neck and face.
Most numbers of basal cell carcinomas is believed to be a result of prolonged exposure to sun rays. Avoiding too much sun exposure and applying sunscreen protection may aid in preventing this disease.
This type of cancer is common to people aging 40 and above. But, it can also happen in younger individuals, depending on the cause. You are more prone to acquire basal cell carcinoma when you have:
- Green, grey or blue eyes
- Freckled or light colored skin
- Red or blonde hair
- Many moles
- Overexposure to UV rays and other kinds of radiation
- Family history on skin cancer
Basal cell carcinoma grows gradually and is normally painless. It might not look different from your normal skin. You get affected by this disease when skin bump appears on your skin surface with light pink and white color, waxy or pearly. In most cases, the skin surface might only be raised slightly or it may just stay flat.
Treatment of basal cell carcinoma depends on the depth, location and the whole physical condition as well. Treatment might involve:
- Electrodesiccation and curettage
- Johns surgery
- Photodynamic therapy – curing using light
Radiation can be done if this cannot be cured with surgery. Visit your dermatologist if you see any transformation in your skin for further treatment and to avoid complications.
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